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The majority of people who speak Garinagu live in the following countries and territories: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis.
It is estimated that more than one million individuals around the world speak it. It shares a lot of similarities with other Mayan languages, particularly Yucatec Maya. The Garifuna people, who had been oppressed by Spanish colonists and were eventually forced to escape Central America, were the first people known to have spoken this language. There are descendants of the Garifuna people living in Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras who still speak this language today.
There are two varieties of speech in the Garinagu language: western and eastern. The grammar and vocabulary of both varieties are relatively comparable; nonetheless, the variations between them are quite pronounced. The Western dialect is spoken in Belize and Guatemala, whilst the Eastern dialect is used in Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Both varieties are considered to be official languages.
Latin script is used for the written representation of the Garinagu language. Because there are currently no native speakers of the language, it is extremely challenging to pick up. However, there are a number of resources that can be found online to assist students in acquiring fundamental knowledge of the language.
The Garinagu language can be broken down into three primary varieties. The region in which a person resides strongly influences the characteristics of their spoken language. Every variety of speech has its own characteristics and way of pronouncing words. The several forms of the Garifuna language are outlined in the table that may be found below.
Dialect Name Dialect Location Speakers Western Garinagu Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama Eastern Garinagu Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Western Garinagu Belize Eastern Garinagu Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua.